Field Checklist of the Birds of Arizona

This checklist contains 556 species of birds that have been accepted by the Arizona Bird Committee as of July 2017.

An additional 64 subspecies that occur in Arizona and are identifiable have been included.

Identifiable forms and groups, and their common names are derived from eBird Taxonomy, available online at http://ebird.org/content/ebird/about/ebird-taxonomy

The species list conforms to the American Ornithologists’ Society(AOU), checklist order and nomenclature as of the 58th supplement published July 5, 2017.

Checklist annotations:

   n = Has bred in Arizona (306 species). A species that has hatched young at least once, however, this does not include hybrid off spring.

   [ ] = Species in brackets have not been physically documented in Arizona (2 species)

   * = Arizona Bird Committee review species (159 taxa)

   # = Sketch details species (69 taxa)

   italics = Species in italics are identifiable subspecific forms (64)

   (int) = Introduced (8 species)

   (ex) = Extirpated (4 species) previously bred or presumed to have bred in Arizona, but no longer occur naturally. They may have been reintroduced but remain unestablished.

Species or subspecies marked with an asterisk or pound sign (*,#) should be documented with photographs and or written details. Reports of Arizona Bird Committee review species (*) may be submitted online to the Arizona Bird Committee at the Arizona Field Ornithologists Website at : www.azfo.org.layout and design by Kurt and Cindy Radamaker

Checklist last updated: July, 2019

 

Anatidae - Swans, Geese, Ducks
 Black-bellied Whistling-Duck, n
 Fulvous Whistling-Duck *
 Snow Goose
 Ross's Goose
 Greater White-fronted Goose
 Brant *
 Cackling Goose #
      Minima (minima) form
      Taverner's (taverneri) form
      Richardson's (hutchinsii) form
 Canada Goose, n
      Giant (maxima) form
      Large (moffitti) form, n
      Lesser (parvipes) form
 Trumpeter Swan *
 Tundra Swan
 Wood Duck, n
 Baikal Teal *
 Garganey *
 Blue-winged Teal, n
 Cinnamon Teal, n
 Northern Shoveler, n
 Gadwall, n
 Eurasian Wigeon #
 American Wigeon, n
 Mallard, n
      Northern (platyrhynchos) form, n
 Mexican Duck (diazi) form, n
 Northern Pintail, n
 Green-winged Teal, n
      Eurasian (crecca) form *
      American (carolinensis) form, n
 Canvasback, n
 Redhead, n
 Ring-necked Duck, n
 Tufted Duck *
 Greater Scaup #
 Lesser Scaup
 Harlequin Duck *
 Surf Scoter #
 White-winged Scoter #
 Black Scoter *
 Long-tailed Duck #

 Bufflehead
 Common Goldeneye
 Barrow's Goldeneye #
 Hooded Merganser
 Common Merganser, n
 Red-breasted Merganser
 Ruddy Duck, n
Odontophoridae - Quail
 Northern Bobwhite (Masked), n (ex)
 Scaled Quail, n
 California Quail, n (int)
 Gambel's Quail, n
 Montezuma Quail, n
Phasianidae - Partridges, Grouse,and Turkey
 Chukar, n (int)
 Ring-necked Pheasant, n (int)
 Dusky Grouse, n
 Wild Turkey, n
Podicipedidae - Grebes
 Least Grebe *, n
 Pied-billed Grebe, n
 Horned Grebe #
 Red-necked Grebe #
 Eared Grebe, n
 Western Grebe, n
 Clark's Grebe, n
Columbidae - Pigeons and Doves
 Rock Pigeon, n (int)
 Band-tailed Pigeon, n
 Eurasian Collared-Dove, n (int)
 Inca Dove, n
 Common Ground Dove, n
 Ruddy Ground Dove #, n
 White-winged Dove, n
 Mourning Dove, n
Cuculidae - Cuckoos, Roadrunners, and Anis
 Yellow-billed Cuckoo, n
 Black-billed Cuckoo *
 Greater Roadrunner, n
 Groove-billed Ani *

Caprimulgidae - Nighthawks and Nightjars
 Lesser Nighthawk, n
 Common Nighthawk, n
 Common Poorwill, n
 Buff -collared Nightjar *, n
 Eastern Whip-poor-will *
 Mexican Whip-poor-will, n
Apodidae - Swifts
 Black Swift *
 Chimney Swift *
 Vaux's Swift
 White-throated Swift, n
Trochilidae - Hummingbirds
 Rivoli's Hummingbird, n
 Plain-capped Starthroat #
 Blue-throated Mountain-gem, n
 Lucifer Hummingbird #, n
 Ruby-throated Hummingbird *
 Black-chinned Hummingbird, n
 Anna's Hummingbird, n
 Costa's Hummingbird, n
 Bumblebee Hummingbird *
 Broad-tailed Hummingbird, n
 Rufous Hummingbird
 Allen's Hummingbird #
 Calliope Hummingbird
 Broad-billed Hummingbird, n
 Berylline Hummingbird #, n
 Cinnamon Hummingbird *
 Violet-crowned Hummingbird, n
 White-eared Hummingbird #, n
Rallidae - Rails, Gallinules, and Coots
 Black Rail, n
 Ridgway's Rail, n
 Virginia Rail, n
 Sora, n
 Purple Gallinule *
 Common Gallinule, n
 American Coot, n
Gruidae - Cranes
 Sandhill Crane, n
      Lesser (canadensis) form
      Greater (tabida) form, n

Recurvirostridae - Stilts and Avocets
 Black-necked Stilt, n
 American Avocet, n
Charadriidae - Plovers
 Killdeer, n
 Semipalmated Plover
 Black-bellied Plover
 American Golden-Plover *
 Pacific Golden-Plover *
 Snowy Plover, n
 Mountain Plover, n
Jacanidae - Jacanas
 Northern Jacana *
Scolopacidae - Sandpipers, Phalaropes, and Allies
 Spotted Sandpiper, n

 Solitary Sandpiper

 Wandering Tattler *

 Greater Yellowlegs

 Willet

 Lesser Yellowlegs

 Upland Sandpiper *
 Whimbrel #
 Long-billed Curlew, n
 Hudsonian Godwit *
 Marbled Godwit
 Ruddy Turnstone *
 Black Turnstone *
 Red Knot *
 Ruff *
 Sharp-tailed Sandpiper *
 Stilt Sandpiper
 Sanderling
 Dunlin
 Baird's Sandpiper
 Least Sandpiper
 White-rumped Sandpiper *
 Buff -breasted Sandpiper *
 Pectoral Sandpiper
 Semipalmated Sandpiper #
 Western Sandpiper
 Short-billed Dowitcher #
 Long-billed Dowitcher
 Wilson’s Snipe, n

 Wilson's Phalarope, n
 Red-necked Phalarope
 Red Phalarope #
Stercorariidae - Jaegers
 Pomarine Jaeger *
 Parasitic Jaeger *
 Long-tailed Jaeger *
Laridae - Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers
 Black-legged Kittiwake *
 Ivory Gull *
 Sabine's Gull #
 Bonaparte's Gull
 Little Gull *
 Laughing Gull *
 Franklin's Gull
 Heermann's Gull #
 Mew Gull *
 Ring-billed Gull
 Western Gull *
 Yellow-footed Gull *
 California Gull
 Herring Gull #
 Iceland Gull *
 Lesser Black-backed Gull *
 Glaucous-winged Gull *
 Glaucous Gull *
 Least Tern #, n
 Gull-billed Tern *
 Caspian Tern
 Black Tern
 Common Tern
 Arctic Tern *
 Forster's Tern
 Royal Tern *
 Elegant Tern *
 Black Skimmer *
Phaethontidae - Tropicbirds
 White-tailed Tropicbird *
 Red-billed Tropicbird *
Gaviidae - Loons
 Red-throated Loon #
 Pacific Loon #
 Common Loon
 Yellow-billed Loon *

Diomedeidae - Albatrosses
 Laysan Albatross *
Hydrobatidae - Storm-Petrels

 [Leach’s/Townsend’s/Ainley’s Storm-Petrel] *

 Black Storm-Petrel *

 Least Storm-Petrel *

Procellariidae - Shearwaters
 Hawaiian Petrel *
 Sooty Shearwater *
 [Black-vented Shearwater] *

Ciconiidae - Storks
 Wood Stork *
Fregatidae - Frigatebirds
 Magnificent Frigatebird *
Sulidae - Boobies
 Blue-footed Booby *
 Brown Booby *
Phalacrocoracidae - Cormorants
 Neotropic Cormorant, n
 Double-crested Cormorant, n
Anhingidae - Anhinga
 Anhinga *
Pelecanidae - Pelicans
 American White Pelican
 Brown Pelican
Ardeidae - Bitterns, Herons, and Egrets
 American Bittern, n
 Least Bittern, n
 Great Blue Heron, n
 Great Egret, n
 Snowy Egret, n
 Little Blue Heron #
 Tricolored Heron #
 Reddish Egret #
 Cattle Egret, n
 Green Heron, n
 Black-crowned Night-Heron, n
 Yellow-crowned Night-Heron *
Threskiornithidae - Ibises and Spoonbills
 White Ibis *
 Glossy Ibis *
 White-faced Ibis, n

 Roseate Spoonbill #
Cathartidae - New World Vultures
 Black Vulture, n
 Turkey Vulture, n
 California Condor, n (ex)
Pandionidae - Osprey
 Osprey, n
Accipitridae - Kites, Eagles, and Hawks

 White-tailed Kite, n

 Swallow-tailed Kite *
 Golden Eagle, n
 Mississippi Kite, n
 Northern Harrier, n
 Sharp-shinned Hawk, n
 Cooper's Hawk, n
 Northern Goshawk, n

 Bald Eagle, n
 Common Black Hawk, n
 Harris's Hawk, n
 White-tailed Hawk *

 Red-shouldered Hawk #, n

 Broad-winged Hawk #
 Gray Hawk, n
 Short-tailed Hawk *, n
 Swainson's Hawk, n
 Zone-tailed Hawk, n
 Red-tailed Hawk, n
      Western (calurus) form, n
      Harlan’s (harlani) form #
      Krider's (kriderii) form
      Fuertes's (fuertesi) form, n

 Ferruginous Hawk, n

 Rough-legged Hawk #
Tytonidae - Barn Owls
 Barn Owl, n
Strigidae - Typical Owls
 Flammulated Owl, n
 Western Screech-Owl, n
 Whiskered Screech-Owl, n
 Great Horned Owl, n
 Northern Pygmy-Owl, n
      Rocky Mts. (pinicola) form, n
      Mountain (gnoma) form, n
 Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl #, n

 Elf Owl, n
 Burrowing Owl, n
 Mexican Spotted Owl, n
 Long-eared Owl, n
 Short-eared Owl
 Northern Saw-whet Owl, n
Trogonidae - Trogons

 Eared Quetzal *, n
 Elegant Trogon, n
Alcedinidae - Kingfishers
 Belted Kingfisher, n
 Green Kingfisher, n
Picidae - Woodpeckers
 Lewis's Woodpecker, n
 Red-headed Woodpecker *
 Acorn Woodpecker, n
 Gila Woodpecker, n
 Williamson's Sapsucker, n
 Yellow-bellied Sapsucker #
 Red-naped Sapsucker, n
 Red-breasted Sapsucker #

          Southern (daggeti)

          Northern (rube)
 Ladder-backed Woodpecker, n
 Downy Woodpecker, n
 Hairy Woodpecker, n
 Arizona Woodpecker, n
 American Three-toed Woodpecker, n
 Northern Flicker, n
      Yellow-shafted (auratus) form #
      Red-shafted (cafer) form, n
 Gilded Flicker, n
Falconidae - Caracaras and Falcons
 Crested Caracara, n
 American Kestrel, n
 Merlin
      Taiga (columbarius) form
      Prairie (richardsoni) form
      Black (suckleyi) form
 Aplomado Falcon *, n (ex)
 Peregrine Falcon, n
      Continental (anatum) form, n
      Tundra (tundrius) form
 Prairie Falcon, n
Psittacidae - Parrots
 Thick-billed Parrot, n (ex) *

Psittaculidae - Lovebirds
 Rosy-faced Lovebird, n (int)
Tyrannidae - Tyrant Flycatchers
 Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet, n
 Tufted Flycatcher, n *
 Olive-sided Flycatcher, n
 Greater Pewee, n
 Western Wood-Pewee, n
 Eastern Wood-Pewee *
 Yellow-bellied Flycatcher *
 Acadian Flycatcher *
 Willow Flycatcher, n
 Least Flycatcher *
 Hammond's Flycatcher, n
 Gray Flycatcher, n
 Dusky Flycatcher, n
 Pine Flycatcher *
 Pacific-slope Flycatcher
 Cordilleran Flycatcher, n
 Buff -breasted Flycatcher, n
 Black Phoebe, n
 Eastern Phoebe #
 Say's Phoebe, n
 Vermilion Flycatcher, n
 Dusky-capped Flycatcher, n
 Ash-throated Flycatcher, n
 Nutting's Flycatcher *, n
 Great Crested Flycatcher *
 Brown-crested Flycatcher, n
 Great Kiskadee *
 Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher, n
 Tropical Kingbird, n
 Couch's Kingbird *
 Cassin's Kingbird, n
 Thick-billed Kingbird, n
 Western Kingbird, n
 Eastern Kingbird #
 Scissor-tailed Flycatcher #
Tityridae - Becards
 Gray-collared Becard *
 Rose-throated Becard *, n
Laniidae - Shrikes
 Loggerhead Shrike, n
 Northern Shrike #

Vireonidae - Vireos
 White-eyed Vireo #
 Bell's Vireo, n

 Black-capped Vireo *
 Gray Vireo, n
 Yellow-throated Vireo #

 Plumbeous Vireo, n
 Cassin’s Vireo
 Blue-headed Vireo *
 Hutton's Vireo, n

 Warbling Vireo, n
 Philadelphia Vireo *
 Red-eyed Vireo *
 Yellow-green Vireo *
Corvidae - Jays, Magpies, Crows, and Ravens
 Canada Jay, n
 Pinyon Jay, n
 Steller's Jay, n
 Blue Jay *
 Woodhouse's Scrub-Jay, n
 Mexican Jay, n
 Black-billed Magpie, n

 Clark's Nutcracker, n
 American Crow, n
 Chihuahuan Raven, n
 Common Raven, n
Alaudidae - Larks
 Horned Lark, n
Hirundinidae - Swallows Bank Swallow
 Tree Swallow, n
 Violet-green Swallow, n
 Northern Rough-winged Swallow, n
 Brown-chested Martin *

Purple Martin, n     

     Northern (arboricola) form, n     

     Desert (hesperia) form, n

 Barn Swallow, n
 Cliff Swallow, n
      Northern (pyrrhonota) group, n
      Southwestern (swainsoni) form, n
 Cave Swallow *, n

Paridae - Chickadees and Titmice
 Black-capped Chickadee *
 Mountain Chickadee, n
 Mexican Chickadee, n
 Bridled Titmouse, n
 Juniper Titmouse, n
Remizidae - Verdins
 Verdin, n
Aegithalidae - Bushtits
 Bushtit, n
Sittidae - Nuthatches
 Red-breasted Nuthatch, (nelsoni) n
 White-breasted Nuthatch, n
 Pygmy Nuthatch, n
Certhiidae - Creepers
 Brown Creeper, n

      Mexican Brown Creeper, (albescens)
Troglodytidae - Wrens
 Rock Wren, n
 Canyon Wren, n
 House Wren, n
      Northern (aedon) group, n
      Brown-throated (brunneicollis) form, n
 Pacific Wren #, n
 Winter Wren #
 Sedge Wren *
 Marsh Wren, n
 Carolina Wren *
 Bewick's Wren, n
 Cactus Wren, n
 Sinaloa Wren *
Polioptilidae - Gnatcatchers
 Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, n
 Black-tailed Gnatcatcher, n
 Black-capped Gnatcatcher #, n
Cinclidae - Dippers
 American Dipper, n
Regulidae - Kinglets
 Golden-crowned Kinglet, n
 Ruby-crowned Kinglet, n
Muscicapidae - Old World Flycatchers
 Northern Wheatear *
Turdidae - Thrushes
 Eastern Bluebird, n
 Western Bluebird, n

 Mountain Bluebird, n
 Townsend's Solitaire, n
 Brown-backed Solitaire *
 Veery *, n
 Gray-cheeked Thrush *
 Swainson's Thrush, n
      Russet-backed (ustulatus) group
      Olive-backed (swainsoni) group, n
 Hermit Thrush, n

      Pacific(guttatus)

      Interior West (auduboni)

      Taiga (faxoni)
 Wood Thrush *
 Rufous-backed Robin #
 American Robin, n
 Varied Thrush #
 Aztec Thrush *
Mimidae - Catbirds, Mockingbirds, and Thrashers
 Blue Mockingbird *
 Gray Catbird #, n
 Curve-billed Thrasher, n

      Eastern (curvirostre) group, n
      Western (palmeri) group, n
 Brown Thrasher #
 Bendire's Thrasher, n
 LeConte's Thrasher, n
 Crissal Thrasher, n
 Sage Thrasher, n
 Northern Mockingbird, n
Sturnidae - Starlings
 European Starling, n (int)

Motacillidae - Wagtails and Pipits

 White Wagtail *

 Red-throated Pipit *

 American Pipit, n

 Sprague's Pipit
Bombycillidae - Waxwings
 Bohemian Waxwing *
 Cedar Waxwing
Ptiliogonatidae - Silky-flycatchers
 Phainopepla, n
Peucedramidae - Olive Warbler
 Olive Warbler, n

Fringillidae - Finches and Goldfinches

 Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch *

 Black Rosy-Finch *

 Pine Grosbeak, n

 House Finch, n
 Purple Finch *
 Cassin's Finch, n
 Red Crossbill, n
 White-winged Crossbill *

 Common Redpoll *
 Pine Siskin, n
 Lesser Goldfinch, n
 Lawrence's Goldfinch, n
 American Goldfinch, n

 Evening Grosbeak, n
Calcariidae -Longspurs and Snow Buntings
 Lapland Longspur #
 Chestnut-collared Longspur
 Smith's Longspur *
 McCown's Longspur #
 Snow Bunting *
Passerellidae - New World Sparrows
 Rufous-winged Sparrow, n
 Botteri's Sparrow, n
 Cassin's Sparrow, n

 Grasshopper Sparrow, n   

       Western (perpallidus) form, n   

       Arizona (ammolegus) form, n
 Five-striped Sparrow, n
 Black-throated Sparrow, n

 Lark Sparrow, n

 Lark Bunting, n
 Chipping Sparrow, n
 Clay-colored Sparrow
 Black-chinned Sparrow, n

 Field Sparrow *
 Brewer's Sparrow, n

 Fox Sparrow     

           Red (iliaca) group #     

           Slate-colored (schistacea) group     

           Sooty (unalaschcensis) group *     

           Thick-billed (megarhyncha) group *

 American Tree Sparrow *

 Dark-eyed Junco, n

           Oregon (oreganus) group     

           Pink-sided (mearnsi) form     

           White-winged (aikeni) form *     

           Slate-colored (hyemalis) group     

           Gray-headed (caniceps) form, n   

           Red-backed (dorsalis) form, n

 Yellow-eyed Junco, n

 White-crowned Sparrow, n     

           Gambel's (gambelii) form     

           Mountain (oriantha) form, n

 Golden-crowned Sparrow #

 Harris's Sparrow #

 White-throated Sparrow

 Sagebrush Sparrow, n
 Bell's Sparrow
 Vesper Sparrow, n

 LeConte's Sparrow *

 Nelson's Sparrow *

 Baird's Sparrow
 Savannah Sparrow, n
      Western (nevadensis) group, n
      Large-billed (rostratus) form *
 Song Sparrow, n
 Lincoln's Sparrow, n
 Swamp Sparrow     

 Canyon Towhee, n

 Abert's Towhee, n

 Rufous-crowned Sparrow, n

 Green-tailed Towhee, n

 Spotted Towhee, n     

           Pacific (oregonus) group     

           Rocky Mts. (montanus) group, n

 Eastern Towhee *

Icteriidae - Chats
 Yellow-breasted Chat, n
Icteridae - Blackbirds and Allies
 Yellow-headed Blackbird, n
 Bobolink *, n
 Western Meadowlark, n

 Eastern Meadowlark (Lilian's), n
 Black-vented Oriole *
 Orchard Oriole #
 Hooded Oriole, n

      Eastern (cucullatus) group, *
      Western (nelsoni) group, n
 Streak-backed Oriole *, n
 Bullock’s Oriole, n
 Baltimore Oriole #
 Scott's Oriole, n
 Red-winged Blackbird, n
 Bronzed Cowbird, n
 Brown-headed Cowbird, n
 Rusty Blackbird *
 Brewer's Blackbird, n
 Common Grackle *
 Great-tailed Grackle, n
Parulidae - Wood Warblers
 Ovenbird #
 Worm-eating Warbler #
 Louisiana Waterthrush #
 Northern Waterthrush
 Golden-winged Warbler *
 Blue-winged Warbler *
 Black-and-white Warbler, n
 Prothonotary Warbler #
 Swainson's Warbler *
 Crescent-chested Warbler *, n
 Tennessee Warbler #
 Orange-crowned Warbler, n
      Celata (celata) form *
      Orestera (orestera) form, n
      Lutescens (lutescens) form
 Lucy's Warbler, n
 Nashville Warbler
 Virginia's Warbler, n
 Connecticut Warbler *
 MacGillivray's Warbler, n
 Mourning Warbler *
 Kentucky Warbler *
 Common Yellowthroat, n
 Hooded Warbler #
 American Redstart, n
 Cape May Warbler *
 Cerulean Warbler *
 Northern Parula, n
 Tropical Parula *
 Magnolia Warbler #

 Bay-breasted Warbler *
 Blackburnian Warbler *
 Yellow Warbler, n
      Northern (aestiva) group, n
      Mangrove (erithachorides) form *
 Chestnut-sided Warbler #
 Blackpoll Warbler *
 Black-throated Blue Warbler #
 Palm Warbler #
 Pine Warbler *
 Yellow-rumped Warbler, n
      Audubon's (auduboni) form, n
      Myrtle (coronata) form
 Yellow-throated Warbler *
 Prairie Warbler *
 Grace's Warbler, n
 Black-throated Gray Warbler, n
 Townsend's Warbler
 Hermit Warbler
 Black-throated Green Warbler *
 Fan-tailed Warbler *
 Rufous-capped Warbler *, n
 Canada Warbler *
 Wilson's Warbler
      Mountain West (pileolata) form
      Pacific Coast (chryseola) form
 Red-faced Warbler, n
 Painted Redstart, n
 Slate-throated Redstart *
Cardinalidae - Cardinals, Grosbeaks and Buntings
 Hepatic Tanager, n
 Summer Tanager, n
 Scarlet Tanager *
 Western Tanager, n
 Flame-colored Tanager *, n
 Northern Cardinal, n
 Pyrrhuloxia, n
 Yellow Grosbeak *
 Rose-breasted Grosbeak
 Black-headed Grosbeak, n
 Blue Grosbeak, n
 Lazuli Bunting, n
 Indigo Bunting, n

 Varied Bunting, n
 Painted Bunting #
 Dickcissel #

Passeridae - Old World Sparrows

 House Sparrow, n (int)
Pending committee review
 Common Crane
 Lesser Sand-Plover
 Wedge-tailed Shearwater
 Juan Fernandez Petrel
 Wedge-rumped Storm-petrel
 California Scrub-Jay
 Clay-colored Thrush
 Little Bunting

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